It causes unusual appearance of the tongue and in severe cases the appearance can be very unsightly. This condition however, cannot be passed on to other individuals and is not an infection; rather it is harmless and benign and can be controlled naturally.
Geographic tongue is an inflammatory condition of the tongue with red patches around which a ring of white is noted. The areas generally affected are the top surfaces of the tongue and the edges and rarely affects other oral mucosal sites. It waxes and wanes and moves around migrates to other parts of the tongue. The causes and symptoms vary from individual to individual and the exact origin of this condition remains unknown. After an intensive study and research, geographic tongue can be classified into two varieties -one that commonly occur in atopics and the other as an expression of oral pustular psoriasis.
Home Remedies for Geographic Tongue
Psoriasis in the mouth though are generally uncommon, is seen in individuals suffering from extreme pustular psoriasis. Geographic tongue may respond to topical steroid applications or antibacterial and antifungal medications, however long term use of these are not recommended.
If there are any related medical conditions, treatment of these may improve the condition of the tongue. Geographic tongue is a benign condition and generally resolves, thought not totally, on its own. There is a professional treatment plan known to relieve this condition, however maintaining a good oral hygiene and following a balanced diet is helpful to keep the condition at bay. Types of Geographic Tongue: After an intensive study and research, geographic tongue can be classified into two varieties -one that commonly occur in atopics and the other as an expression of oral pustular psoriasis.Geographic tongue, also known as benign migratory glossitis, is a harmless but discomforting condition that mostly affects the top and sides of your tongue.
The patches on the tongue develop due to the absence of papillae or tiny bumps in the affected area. However, no one really knows what causes it.
Moreover, it has been found that geographic tongue may coexist with other disorders, too. Such disorders include:. Always consult your doctor for a proper diagnosis to rule out the possibility of a more serious underlying condition. There is no cure for geographic tongue. To ease the nuisance or irritation, you can try some simple home remedies and lifestyle changes.
As a generally accepted rule of thumb, brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day is enough to maintain good oral hygiene. However, we conveniently skip over the fact that the tongue is also part of our oral cavity in addition to our teeth and gums. Scraping your tongue regularly, therefore, should be a mandatory step in your oral routine.
This will prevent the development of white patches on your tongue. To scrape your tongue, you can use a tongue scraper or a toothbrush with a tongue cleaner. According to a study published in the Journal of Applied Oral Scienceusing a scraper that comes attached to a toothbrush or a conventional tongue scraper has proven effective in terms of breath improvement and reduction of tongue microbiota. To reduce the discomfort associated with geographic tongue, avoid or limit food irritants that may aggravate the sensitive tissues of your tongue.
By keeping your body hydrated, you can ease some discomforts of geographic tongue. To promote hydration, simply increase your fluid intake. Hydration also stimulates the production of saliva, which in turn promotes oral health. This ancient Ayurvedic practice can help treat red patches on your tongue by helping with the removal of toxins from your mouth and body.
Consequently, it helps prevent foul breath, which is associated with a case of geographic tongue. A study published in the Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry reports that oil pulling therapy is effective in treating halitosis, or bad breath.
The anti-inflammatory and healing properties of aloe vera make it an effective remedy in treating different types of oral problems, including geographic tongue. A study published in the Journal of Dental Medicine highlights the positive role of zinc in maintaining healthy epithelial tissues and in the treatment of geographic tongue. Hence, taking zinc supplement or eating more zinc-rich foods may help ameliorate the symptoms of geographic tongue. In addition, zinc promotes a proper and improved sense of taste and smell.
Thank you so very much for the information posted. Appts with my Dr. Probably pretty soon for my ongoing Health issues I thought would go away on their own. For over 2 yrs now I been thinking that. Thank you so much. GOD Bless You. Female Health issues.You may not feel pain at all in the area where the spot is located on your tongue. Your dentist can easily detect this tongue disease easily during an oral examination or a dental checkup. At times some food may trigger this condition and cause Additional symptoms like mild pain and discomfort.
Other symptoms include:. The geographic tongue will heal on its own, but there are home remedies and treatment that relieve pain, reduce discomfort, and cure the infection. Mint oil is often used in toothpaste, gum, candy, and beauty products. It is a natural anti-microbial agent and breath freshener that promote good oral hygiene. Simply brush your mouth with the paste two times daily for 2 weeks after switch over no your regular toothpaste. Apply a small amount of kitchen baking soda to your toothbrush and scrub your tongue, teeth, and your gums.
It helps to reduce the bacteria that cause a geographic tongue. Gently scraping the tongue from back to front may also help reduce and remove the bacteria and debris that settle in the mouth. That makes it an effective remedy in treating different types of tongue disease, including the geographic tongue. That means that if you have Zinc deficiency you might as well end up with the geographic tongue and other oral problems. As from today start taking a zinc supplement or eat more zinc-rich foods to get rid of the geographic tongue for life.
Also, zinc promotes a proper and improved sense of taste and smell too. Also, Zinc supplements come in several forms that are available online: tablets, capsulesand lozenges. Get in touch with your health care provider in your area to prescribe the right dosage for you. In recent time, science as discovers that other conditions like psoriasis may link to the geographic tongue. But not enough evidence to support the claim. Although, there is no specific cause of geographic tongue. But the researchers said that there are two known risk factors for geographic tongue.
These include:. Also, note that if you have been treated it may reoccur again. I have mentioned some natural remedies for this type of tongue disease above.
Other treatments for geographic tongue include:. You can live your normal life With geographic tongue without any problem. But the appearance and mild discomfort may be a great concern for you. Luckily, the patches may disappear on its own without any medical treatment or home remedies. However, If you experience any difficulty and burning sensation in your mouth see your dentist or health care provider.
There is nothing you need to do to prevent the condition from appearing again in the near future other than avoiding too acidic or spicy foods and other substance that might trigger it.
All Home treatment mentioned here are strictly informational.
This site does not provide medical advice. Consult with your dentist or other health care provider before using any of these tips or treatments. Honarmand, M. Geographic tongue and associated risk factors among Iranian dental patients. Ishibashi, M. Geographic tongue treated with topical tacrolimus. Nandini, D.
Paediatric geographic tongue: A case report, review and recent updates. Picciani, B.Have you ever looked at your tongue in the mirror and thought you were looking at a road map of Florida?
Or maybe on another day it looked more like Pennsylvania. You may have a condition called geographic tongue. Don't be alarmed, though. This benign condition is not a threat to your health. Here are some interesting facts about this disorder also referred to as migratory glossitis or wandering rash of the tongue that you should know. The exact cause of migratory glossitis is not known, but according to the National Organization for Rare Diseases NORDthe map-like appearance of the tongue is the result of inflammation.
Normally, the tongue is covered with a layer of tiny bumps called papillaebut if for some reason any of these finger-like projections are lost, those areas of the tongue will be smooth and red with slightly raised borders. These affected areas can change in size and location daily, making the tongue look different each time you look at it.
Although geographic tongue can persist for weeks, the good news is that in most cases there is no discomfort and no treatment is necessary. For many people, it goes away but may return in the future. The National Institutes of Health's Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center says that about 5 percent of people with geographic tongue are bothered by pain or sensitivity, especially when eating spicy or acidic foods.
If your tongue is painful, easily irritated by certain foods and drinks, or has become severely swollen interfering with eating, speaking or swallowing see your dentist for a diagnosis.Chronic kidney disease initiative
Make an appointment with a dentist any time you have a lesion on your tongue that doesn't go away within 10 days, advises the Mayo Clinicto rule out anything serious. In painful situations, your doctor or dentist may recommend using anti-inflammatory drugs to help alleviate discomfort. For milder burning or sensitivity issues, avoiding hot spicy foods and alcohol until the episode passes may be all that is needed, says the National Institutes of Health.
Fastidious oral hygiene is always recommended, but pay special attention to your oral health if you have geographic tongue.
This means brushing your teeth and tongue twice a day. And don't forget to floss daily. You could also swish with a mouthwash, such as Colgate Total Advanced Pro-Shieldwhich provides hour protection against germs even after drinking and eating. NORD reports that migratory glossitis occurs in about 3 percent of the population, with females being more prone to it than males.
It also affects younger adults more frequently. It seems to run in families, so there may be a genetic link. People with a fissured tongue, a condition where the tongue is deeply grooved and has a wrinkled appearance, may also have a higher risk of developing this migratory glossitis, as can those who have a vitamin B deficiency or have the inflammatory skin disease, psoriasis.How to write the algorithm
Even though there are certain disorders that often occur along with geographic tongue — hormonal disturbances, emotional stress, juvenile diabetes, allergies and Reiter's syndrome — there is no real proof that they play a role in causing it. Geographic tongue cannot be prevented or cured. Always keep your mouth clean, stay away from irritating foods and appreciate how special you are to have such a unique but harmless condition that not many people have experienced!
This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.Geographic tongue results from the loss of tiny hairlike projections papillae on your tongue's surface.
This papillae loss appears as smooth, red patches of varying shapes and sizes. Geographic tongue is an inflammatory but harmless condition affecting the surface of your tongue. The tongue is normally covered with tiny, pinkish-white bumps papillaewhich are actually short, fine, hairlike projections. With geographic tongue, patches on the surface of the tongue are missing papillae and appear as smooth, red "islands," often with slightly raised borders.
These patches lesions give the tongue a maplike, or geographic, appearance. The lesions often heal in one area and then move migrate to a different part of your tongue. Geographic tongue is also known as benign migratory glossitis. Although geographic tongue may look alarming, it doesn't cause health problems and isn't associated with infection or cancer.
Geographic tongue can sometimes cause tongue discomfort and increased sensitivity to certain substances, such as spices, salt and even sweets. Geographic tongue can continue for days, months or years. The problem often resolves on its own but may appear again at a later time. Geographic tongue is a minor — although sometimes uncomfortable — condition.
However, lesions on the tongue may indicate other more-serious conditions of the tongue or diseases affecting the body in general. If you have lesions on the tongue that don't resolve within 10 days, see your doctor or dentist. The cause of geographic tongue is unknown, and there's no way to prevent the condition. There may be a link between geographic tongue and psoriasis and between geographic tongue and lichen planus.
But more research is needed to better understand possible connections.Home Remedies for Geographic Tongue
Studies of factors that may be associated with an increased risk of geographic tongue have produced mixed results. Factors that are likely associated with an increased risk include:. Geographic tongue is a benign condition.
It doesn't pose a threat to your health, cause long-term complications or increase your risk of major health problems. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Geographic tongue Open pop-up dialog box Close.Presentation board moving solutions services limited
Geographic tongue Geographic tongue results from the loss of tiny hairlike projections papillae on your tongue's surface. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter.Understanding suitcase sizes
Show references Usatine RP, et al. Geographic tongue. New York, N.Although geographic tongue is inflammation affecting the tongue surface, it is harmless. Let us learn more about it and natural cures to treat it. In general, our tongue is covered with pinkish-white and tiny papillae. It may also affect the side of your tongue. One of the symptoms of geographic tongue is that the lesion frequently changes its shape, size and location.
Also, there is burning or pain while eating acidic or spicy foods. However, in most of the people with geographic tongue, there is no symptom but sometimes it may be uncomfortable.
Geographic Tongue: Causes, Symptoms And Care
The cause of geographic tongue is not known, and so there is no way to prevent it. There may be a link between geographic tongue and lichen planus or psoriasis, but more research is to be done on this. Specific foods such as cheese may trigger it.
Hormonal changes may also be a cause. People with a family history of a geographical tongue and with other disorder of tongue such as fissured tongue are more at risk. It is not at all contagious and never turns into cancer, but the red areas may get infected by candida, and in rare cases, there are sores, bad breath and burning pain. To ease the mild irritation, you can try specific home remedies mentioned below. Oil pulling is an ancient practice to treat geographic tongue.
It eliminates the toxins from your mouth and promotes good oral health. Swish your mouth with a tablespoon of sesame oil or cold pressed coconut oil for 10 minutes and then spit it out.
This is followed by rinsing your mouth with warm water. Do not swallow the oil. Repeat this in the morning before eating. Brush your teeth as usual. The antibacterial property of mint checks the growth of bacteria. It prevents oral problems, freshens breath and eases burning.
Steep a few leaves of mint in a cup of boiling water. Strain the concoction and refrigerate it for half an hour. Drink refrigerated mint tea a few times in a day.Geographic tongue is a condition that causes a map-like pattern to appear on the tongue. People with this condition have smooth, reddish patches surrounded by white borders on their tongues.
The red areas are missing the tiny bumps papillae that naturally appear on the surface of the tongue. Geographic tongue is benign harmless and does not cause any long-term health problems. It is not contagious. Most people have no symptoms, but some people feel a burning or stinging sensation on their tongue. People who have psoriasis a condition that causes scaly patches on the skin and reactive arthritis Reiter's syndrome are more likely than others to have geographic tongue.
The condition appears in people of all ages, including babies and children. Because it often runs in families, doctors believe it may be inherited passed down from parents to their children.
People commonly have other conditions along with geographic tongue.Order geography curriculum vitae
These conditions and diseases include:. Symptoms can come and go, and may last a few weeks or years. They include:. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Geographic Tongue People with geographic tongue have smooth, reddish patches surrounded by white borders on their tongues.
It's a harmless, non-contagious condition. However, if you feel pain or discomfort on your tongue, take pain relievers and avoid the foods that trigger the pain. Appointments Maplike look of geographic tongue. Photo courtesy of Cleve Clinic J Med ;83 8 What is geographic tongue?
How common is geographic tongue?God is writing my love story graphics
Who is affected by geographic tongue? How do people get geographic tongue? These conditions and diseases include: Psoriasis: Many people with geographic tongue also have psoriasis, an inflammatory skin condition. Hormonal surges: Women who are taking oral contraceptives birth control pills have developed geographic tongue, possibly due to the female hormones in the pills.
Fissured tongue: Doctors think there might be a genetic link between geographic tongue and fissured tongue, a condition that causes deep grooves or wrinkles on the tongue. Diabetes: Some doctors have found that people with diabetes, especially type 1 diabeteshave a higher chance of developing geographic tongue.
Allergies: People with eczemahay fever and other allergies may have an increased chance of having the condition. Emotional stress: Doctors have found a link between increased stress and geographic tongue. What are the symptoms of geographic tongue? They include: Red spots on the tongue: The red patches on the tongue appear in an irregular map-like pattern and are often surrounded by white or gray borders.
They appear anywhere on the top, sides and tip of the tongue.
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